The Principles of Weight Training
The principles described here will have the highest influence on your weight training. Regardless of any advice you might get from people experienced in training, these principles are unalterable. Some of that advice may be good. But if you ask ten experienced people in weightlifting about a specific thing, you’ll likely get different even opposing answers.
Whether you train in bodybuilding, street workout, calisthenics, body-weight training…, and regardless of sex, if you aim to build a stronger, aesthetic body, these are the principles of how it’s done.
The body is an adaptive mechanism.
Depending on the conditions it is facing, the body always tries to restructure itself to be more able to survive under those circumstances.
If the body is subjected to efforts or stresses, it will react in a way that it will tend to restructure itself to become more able to sustain such stresses in the future.
The body adapts very skillfully and specifically depending on the type of effort it is subjected to. Incorrect efforts = incorrect adaptations. This tells us that exercise along with tempo, exercises, how often we exercise, duration of a workout, etc., all should be planned well to achieve the desired change.
For example, someone who is used to office work suddenly starts chopping wood frequently. He will get calluses on his hands because of the skin friction. The effort and the inflammation he feels in his body are the results of the fact that he is not used to this kind of effort.
His body will repair the damage. After a few weeks of being subjected to this kind of effort, the body will start doing more than just repair. It will try to take precautionary measures to protect itself from future similar efforts or stresses. In this case, the precautionary measure is the calluses. The skin that was mostly subjected to the stress will become hardened and more resistant to friction. That way the body will restructure itself, so future stresses of the same or similar nature will cause less damage.
The body can be restructured by handling the factors of physical stress.
Weight training (or, resistance training) to reconstruct the body means: