The term estrogen (same as oestrogen) pertains to a group of chemically similar hormones which are dominant in the female body and responsible for development and maintenance of the female characteristics. Estrogen is present in the male body too, in much lower amounts.
Some small amounts of testosterone are always converted into oestrogen in the male body. The main ingredient that carries out this conversion is found in the fat cells. The more body fat there is, especially around the waist, the more testosterone will be converted into estrogen. It means more estrogen circulating in the body, and greater tendency to low testosterone and more fat storing.
When the ratio of estrogen and testosterone is disturbed, complications arise. If estrogen levels increase, symptoms of low testosterone may occur. If testosterone levels decrease, symptoms of increased estrogen may occur.
High levels of estrogen in men contribute to certain negative health conditions and effects on the body. Some of them are:
- Enlarged (fatty) breasts
- Weaker sex drive
- Loss of muscle mass
- Difficulty getting an erection
- Fertility problems
- Early cessation of growth in height
High estrogen levels in women can cause or contribute to:
- Memory problems
- Decreased sex drive
- Mood swings
- Anxiety and panic attacks
- Weight gain
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Heavy menstrual cycles
Diet has a direct effect on estrogens in the body in several ways.
- Intake of ingredients through the diet that mimic estrogen in the body, and this causes the body to have the effects of elevated estrogen.
- If you practice an incorrect diet, it will increase the percentage of fatty tissues in the body. Fat tissues contain substances that convert testosterone into estrogen. More fat = more estrogen.
Women with elevated estrogen hormones also have an increased tendency to store fat.
The best way to healthy hormonal levels is a healthy lifestyle supported by proper nutrition, smart exercise and good sleep.Read about the other hormones